Thursday, August 27, 2020

Red Badg of Courage Essay essays

Red Badg of Courage Essay expositions Henry Fleming was only a youngster when he entered the military. Despite the fact that his excursion into masculinity took some time, he at last got where he was going . This excursion included numerous individuals and things, that help Henry en route. From the outset Henrys mother offered him some guidance. She disclosed to him that there are numerous men in the military who are awful and that he should avoid them. She additionally revealed to him that he ought to recall his dad. He never alcoholic a drop of licker in his life, and only occasionally swore a cross vow. This was said in the start of the book. It might have not soaked in from the outset, yet he would recall odds and ends of what she said to help him en route. Wilson, the noisy officer, helped Henry too. One way that he helped him was by giving him that he was trusted. At the point when Wilson gave Henry the yellow envelope, it indicated Henry that he was confided in enough and was thought profoundly enough of for Wilson to believe Henry with something he esteemed. Together, they grieve a little for their lost friend, Jim Conklin. Jim, as well, helped Henry along on his excursion into masculinity. When Jim endured in his long, anguishing demise, it brought a great deal of mental fortitude into the Young warriors eyes. Did Henry truly need to face in a conflict? Was Henry truly courageous enough to take on in a conflict? The most significant impact on Henrys venture into masculinity was himself. Everything that were said to him however out the book would not have sunk into Henrys mind on the off chance that he wasnt attempting to think. The manner in which he contended with himself, over the span of the book, was the principle way that he developed into a man. He started to address all that he had confidence in. As it were, Henry did the majority of the work to help himself along his excursion into masculinity. ... <!

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Getting Your Book Coverage in the National Press

Getting Your Book Coverage in the National Press Getting Your Book Coverage in the National Press This is a visitor post by Douglas Wight, independent columnist, writer, distributer and book serialization expert. He clarifies how writers can get book inclusion in the national press†¦ and get paid for it!Book Coverage: Making A SplashHow numerous â€Å"likes†, what number of â€Å"followers†, how’s your â€Å"discoverability†, what are your â€Å"signs of life†, are you on your profiles, what are your hits on â€Å"YouTube†?Life can be perplexing for a writer nowadays. The weight to have an advanced nearness as well as one that’s terminating hourly on different stages isn't simply overwhelming, however progressively terrifying.But envision a stage that would pay for your substance. That’s right. Hard money. That as well as it will ensure a group of people of millions. Furthermore, these millions aren’t simply computerized customers yet genuine perusers. What's more, at no expense to you, it will assume the hard wo rk of advancement. This stage may even publicize your book, plug it broadly on the web, tweet connects to your material, sell your substance on to different outlets, giving you a portion of the riches and run rebate value offers so the crowd can straightforwardly buy your book.Sounds not awful, eh? Furthermore, what is this stunning new stage that can guarantee all this?Actually, it’s most seasoned in the world. The humble newspaper.A Great Success StoryIn the advanced age, very little consideration is paid to â€Å"old media†. Papers are dinosaurs, right, losing perusers by the millions, out-dated and out-of-touch?On the opposite, papers are from multiple points of view the extraordinary example of overcoming adversity. They’ve endure the appearance of radio and TV and, after a rough period, are exploring a section through the Internet age. Essentially, for writers, they love books. Valid, numerous titles have discarded pro abstract editors however papers value the praise a book can bring. A decent serialization can do some amazing things for both paper and creator. What's more, during a time of declining deals, all round distributers and the fourth domain need each other like never before. On the off chance that you compose verifiable, there’s a decent possibility your book could locate a home in a paper. In the event that you’re the writer of a true to life book, there’s a decent possibility it could locate a home in a paper. The main standards, be it for a big name history, solid reality or chronicled story or a ‘mind, body, spirit’ book, is that it’s new, or offers perusers something else. Furthermore, as long as it’s appropriately looked into and tenable, they’re glad to advance independently published books, which can be a monstrous lift for a youngster writer or imprint.Modern-day serializations have developed from the days when papers would pay tens, even many thousands to gut a major big name title more than a few days. As advances have descended, so too has the cash papers hope to pay to run content, yet this has opened up the market. Nowadays a ‘serial’ is bound to be a one-day hit yet it tends to be an incredible platform for any new book. A ‘serial’ can be an incredible platform for any new book. †@dougwight In spite of the fact that papers request selectiveness, other media †magazines, online news sources, TV and radio broadcasts †are glad to follow, offering new pathways to exposure and promotion.And fortunately, absolutely where tabloids are concerned, they are as yet ready to pay for content. The wholes included probably won't make you rich yet in a time of strangely little advances they can nearly replace a development for independently published work.With columnist Jennifer Wiley, I as of late independently published an unapproved history of the pop artist Rita Ora. A sequential arrangement with the Sun implied we had the option to print a hardback and draw in enthusiasm from a significant high road retailer. The Sun’s inclusion was gotten far and wide and prompted broad optional exposure. This won’t be everyone’s experience except it demonstrated the capability of solid paper coverage.In another model, a book distributed exclusively through Amazonâ⠂¬â„¢s Print on Demand proceeded to sell a great many duplicates after a newspaper serialization carried it to the public’s attention.Get Serious About SerialWhether you are an autonomous writer, independent publisher or have a pending book with a customary distributer it’s imperative to consider the benefits of serialisation.Most distributers have a rights office whose activity it is to make sure about sequential arrangements. Tragically, be that as it may, away from the enormous titles it can regularly be the situation that a littler book gets neglected or very little exertion is placed into accomplishing national coverage.So, take an intrigue. Consider approaches to make your content speaking to papers. A few creators are liable of reasoning that once their original copy is sent a group of masters will form their work to make it exposure neighborly. Actually as well as can be expected trust in is that a rights supervisor will signal it up to a paper and send over th e composition. On the off chance that you’re a books proofreader or highlights editorial manager you may have ten original copies seven days competing for your attention.If, in any case, you’ve analyzed your content and coaxed out the executioner new lines, in which sections to discover them and set out precisely what’s new and fascinating, at that point you’re helping push your book to the highest point of the heap. Analyze your content and coax out the executioner new lines, at that point pitch it to the press. It additionally implies you’re beginning to control some portion of the process.Newspapers are visual mammoths so think photographs and pictures. On the off chance that your book is without photograph propose pictures accessible online that may assist them with outlining it. The more outwardly snatching your piece is the better possibility it has of making it past the publication gatherings held to choose which stories are placedâ in papers (and where).Fiction is more enthusiastically to place or highlight with anything over an audit. In any case, on the off chance that you have a decent back story or a surprising genuine occasion started the thought for a novel this could prepare for a meeting to plug your new book.It’s significant, in any case, that papers generally don’t pay for writer interviews, just concentrates. They will, be that as it may, plug the real book, potentially with an off the page peruser offer, and front cover.If you’re not composing for a distributer, work with a serialization master, or ring up the paper you believe is most appropriate to the material. Highlights editors are frantic for splendid ideas.Often, retailers screen press inclusion and increment their requests in like manner. There’s no assurance that happens constantly and distributers may well contend that the press’s effect on deals isn't what it was†¦ yet any exposure is acceptable exposure and the more guides perusers get to the presence of another book the better.So, in this advanced age, think ink and perceive how Fleet Street can enable your book to jump on the High Street.Looking to get some bookâ coverage in the press or on authority blogs? Pitch our Reedsy marketing experts hereâ and approach them for nothing quotes!Have you attempted to pitch your book to papers? Do you have faith in the intensity of the old media in the advanced age? Offer your considerations and encounters with us, or ask Douglas any inquiry, in the remarks underneath!

Friday, August 21, 2020

Essay Topics With No Research - How to Write a Persuasive Essay

Essay Topics With No Research - How to Write a Persuasive EssayWhen you learn how to write persuasive essays, you will discover that your content is based on one of two subjects: direct information or a thesis statement. If you can find a way to balance the two properly, you are one step closer to getting your essay read by the best possible readers. This article covers two persuasive essay topics: one with facts and one with ideas.In order to successfully write persuasive essays on topics with facts, you need to remember one very important thing: that not all writing is a matter of fact. People actually like to read, write, and hear about things that they can relate to. If you are going to choose facts as your primary approach, then you must be prepared to use the persuasive aspect of the essay in your information and idea essays as well.For those of you who have yet to write a persuasive essay, let me give you the two basic parts of a persuasive essay. The first part is your summar y of the essay. The second part is your thesis statement that you will utilize to make your argument.Without a summary, you cannot actually write a persuasive essay, because you won't know where to start. A summary simply summarizes what the essay is all about. Remember, people don't read an essay just to get to the end. They read it for a reason.In order to write an effective summary, you should make sure that the key points of the essay are well covered in the summary. This part must be composed of five to seven sentences. It is the area where you can use your own opinions and feelings about the subject matter. You can add your specific ideas about the essay topic. However, it is never advisable to leave out facts, because people will be curious to know what facts you include in your summary.Next, you need to focus on the two main parts of your essay. Your thesis statement is the last part of the essay, but it is also the most important. It is the place where you are going to stat e your main point and support it with some other arguments. It is when you can show the reader why they should trust your knowledge, your viewpoint, and your arguments.An important part of this is having facts as your foundation. This is the starting point of your argument. When you are writing a persuasive essay, facts are the backbone of your argument. You can start off by listing the facts that support your main point. It is also important to list your supporting facts and ideas that you will add into your essay to make it more persuasive.Writing a persuasive essay is easier if you remember these two topics: one with facts and one with ideas. Theses two parts are essential to any persuasive essay because they are the basis of your writing.

Monday, May 25, 2020

The Social Aid Regulation Reform - 1080 Words

During the period of 1984 to 1989 under section 29(a) of the Social Aid Regulation, the Quebec government provided those who were single, unemployed, and under the age of 30 with only $170 per month in social assistance, amounting to merely one third of its regular benefits. Full time benefits were only available to those over the age of 30 while benefits for those 30 and under were conditioned on the participation of government employability programs. The objective of the Social Aid Regulation was to encourage youth to either find work or attend school. Louise Gosselin was living in Quebec, was under 30 and was unable to find work or go to school. She was therefore in the unfortunate position of having scarce financial resources. She was homeless periodically, lived in an unheated apartment for a winter and when she rented a room at a boarding house it left her no money for food. As a result Louise Gosselin was subjected to selling herself. Gosselin brought a class action lawsuit ag ainst the Quebec government challenging the 1984 social assistance scheme on behalf of all welfare recipients under the age of 30 for violation of section 15 equality rights and section 7 security rights under the Charter of Rights and Freedoms. She also challenged social rights in section 45 of the Quebec Chart. Gosselin ordered that the Quebec government reimburse all affected welfare recipients for the difference between what they actually received and what they would have received had theyShow MoreRelatedAnalysis of Contemporary Health Care Issues769 Words   |  4 PagesOur health system has grave problems that require reform, through reforming, there is optimism that there will be an increase in affordable health care and high-quality of care for America. Medicaid, Medicare and private sector insurances are all going through trials and tribulations because of spending. Obama Cares purpose is to put consumers back in charge of their health care and aid in driving down the cost of spending in health care. The reform will also strive to put forward a delivery systemRead MoreBenefits of Drug Testing for Welfare Recipients Essay1330 Words   |  6 Pagesincome or no income earners. In order for a person to be eligible for the U.S. welfare aid, program managers must determine a number of factors such as an individual’s gross and net income, the size of the family, emergency medical requirements and unemployment among other factors (Welfare Information par.2). These welfare benefits range from food stamps, child care support, health-care aid, to cash aid among others. The federal government avails these services to its needy citizens through theRead MoreAdvantages of Legalizing Prostitution1749 Words   |  7 Pages has taken a step in the right direction by legalizing prostitution. The legalization and regulation of prostitution in Canada will result in a decrease in crime, an improvement in health and better social conditions for prostitutes throughout the country. The legalization and regulation of prostitution in Canada is the best way to ensure the safety of women within the trade. The legalization and regulation of prostitution in Canada will lower crime rates, therefore providing better safety for prostitutesRead MoreExamining Government Regulations Essay851 Words   |  4 PagesGovernment Regulations Assignment The current government regulations I researched pertain to the clinical guidelines and the civil rights of persons living with HIV/AIDS in Portland, Oregon. Many people living with HIV/AIDS, at some point during their illness, find themselves in need of housing assistance and support services. Stable housing promotes improved health, sobriety or decreased use of alcohol and illegal drugs, and, for some, a return to paid employment and productive social activitiesRead More Politics and Poverty Essay1237 Words   |  5 PagesWelfare, Social Security, and Taxes. The following arguments present how those different perspectives affect the poverty issue in America today. Conservative Ideology Conservatives generally go with the perspective that less is more. Most would side with the argument that less government action is a better approach for society as a whole. Rather than promoting the idea of social equality, like the Liberal perspective, they promote social inequality. Most would like little government regulation andRead MoreReform of the European Common Agricultural Policy989 Words   |  4 Pagesalso outlines a number of broader principles aimed at improving economic and social issues in the agricultural community. These principles include ensuring social protection for agricultural wage earners; ensure that rural children have the same opportunities as those elsewhere; to aid those wishing to set up as independent farmer; to facilitate retirement pensions for farmers; to improve rural housing and to improve social and cultural infrastructure in rural areas (Fennell, 1979). Market unity;Read MoreWelfare Is A Government Program1111 Words   |  5 Pagesfinancia l aid to families or individuals who cannot provide for themselves. Welfare helps pay for poor people’s necessities such as food, housing, and medical care. Welfare is a program that is needed in the world, because some people don’t know how to be independent and take care of themselves. Social Welfare began after the Great Depression occurred. The Great Depression caused several families to become unemployed during and following this time period. The government stepped in to aid familiesRead MoreHow Did Industrialization Affect The Industrial Revolution1247 Words   |  5 Pagesto further industry, specifically the textile industry, became common place in England during the later part of the 18th century and the early part of the 19th. As society moved from an agriculturally based economy to an industrial based economy social transformation also resulted throughout England and eventually the continent. This shift created larger cities and moved the populace fro m rural farms to larger urbanized areas. The Industrial Revolution generated many changes within society thatRead MoreState and Federal Regulations for Nursing Homes for the Elderly1067 Words   |  4 Pagesï » ¿Nursing home for the elderly State and federal regulations There were reports of rampant neglect as well as abuse of the people in the nursing homes across the USA, something that prompted the Congress to enact legislation to deal with this in 1987. The legislation was known as the Nursing Homes Reform Act which stated that each nursing home must provide services and activities to attain or maintain the highest practicable physical, mental, and psychosocial well-being of each resident in accordanceRead MoreThe Welfare Program Must Be Expanded Without Misappropriation Of Funds1417 Words   |  6 Pagesadministration complexity. There are many areas in which reforms could be instituted and the program could be expanded without misappropriation of funds. There should be greater oversight on the program’s overall administration. Those charged with determining eligibility and administering the program need to receive more training and education on the more obscure program regulations. A personal example of the systems shortcomings on training and the regulations is with the status of persons residing in more

Friday, May 15, 2020

The Appeals Process Stage of a Criminal Case

Anyone convicted of a crime has the right to appeal that conviction if they believe a legal error has occurred. If you have been convicted of a crime and plan to appeal, you are no longer known as the defendant, you are now the appellant in the case. In criminal cases, an appeal asks a higher court to look at the record of the trial proceedings to determine if a legal error occurred that may have affected the outcome of the trial or the sentence imposed by the judge. Appealing Legal Errors An appeal rarely challenges the decision of the jury, but rather challenges any legal errors that the judge or the prosecution may have made during the trial. Any ruling that the judge made during the preliminary hearing, during pre-trial motions and during the trial itself can be appealed if the appellant believes the ruling was in error. For example, if your lawyer made a pre-trial motion challenging the legality of the search of your car and the judge ruled that the police did not need a search warrant, that ruling can be appealed because it allowed evidence to be seen by the jury that would not have otherwise seen. Notice of Appeal Your attorney will have plenty of time to prepare your formal appeal, but in most states, you have a limited time to announce your intention to appeal your conviction or sentence. In some states, you have only 10 days to decide if there are issues that can be appealed. Your notice of appeal will need to include the exact issue or issues upon which you are basing your appeal. Many appeals have been rejected by higher courts simply because the appellant waited too long to raise the issue. Records and Writs When you appeal your case, the appellate court will receive the record of the criminal trial and all rulings leading up to the trial. Your attorney will file a written brief outlining why you believe your conviction was affected by legal error. The prosecution likewise will file a written brief telling the appellate court why it believes the ruling was legal and appropriate. Usually, after the prosecution files its brief, the appellant can file a follow-up brief in rebuttal. The Next Highest Court Although it does happen, the attorney who handled your criminal trial will probably not handle your appeal. Appeals are usually handled by lawyers who have experience with the appeals process and working with higher courts. Although the appeals process varies from state to state, the process generally starts with the next highest court in the system - state or federal - in which the trial was held. In most cases, this is the state appellate. The party that loses at the appeals court  can apply to the next highest court, usually the state supreme court. If the issues involved in the appeal are constitutional, the case can then be appealed to the federal district appeals court and eventually to the U.S. Supreme Court. Direct Appeals/Automatic Appeals Anyone who is sentenced to death is automatically given a direct appeal. Depending on the state, the appeal may be mandatory or dependent on the defendants choice. Direct appeals always go to the highest court in the state. In federal cases, the direct appeal goes to the federal courts.A panel of judges decides on the outcome of direct appeals. The judges then can either affirm the conviction and sentence, reverse the conviction, or reverse the death sentence.  The losing side can then  petition for a writ of certiorari with the U.S. Supreme Court.   Appeals Rarely Successful Very few criminal trial appeals are successful. Thats why when a criminal appeal is granted, it makes headlines in the media because it is rare. In order for a conviction or a sentence to be overturned, the appeals court not only must find that an error occurred, but also that the error was clear and serious enough to affect the outcome of the trial. A criminal conviction can be appealed on the basis that the strength of the evidence presented a trial did not support the verdict. This type of appeal is significantly more expensive and much more lengthy than a legal error appeal and even more rarely successful.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Rise Of The Renaissance Essay - 1525 Words

The Renaissance began in Florence, Italy around the 1500’s to about the 1700’s. Florence, Italy was the mecca of this rebirth because at the time Florence was extremely wealthy and the people of the city had political freedom and those new ideals of the Renaissance were not being condemned in Florence as they were other cities. This was a time where the arts and the logic of one’s own mind was valued rather than criticized, the antiquated medieval ideals no longer matched the needs of those who were living during the early Renaissance. Eventually, a term for this way of thinking arose and was called Humanism, and what humanism is, is an ideology where humans can lead themselves to create a prosperous life and instead of leaning on supernatural forces for answers. Humanists believe that humans have enough logic to create conclusions themselves. This brand-new way of thinking caused a lot of controversy because it did question God’s ability and the churchâ €™s power, but the ideas behind it are still heavily used today, even in the 21st century. Humanism in the early Renaissance is important because it called for thinking with reason, it allowed an appreciation for human body and mind, inspired authors and caused a shift in power. When the Renaissance began in Florence, there were a lot people who were wanting to separate from this medieval way of thinking that was not allowing any type of growth of the inner-self, and since medieval ideals were heavily based onShow MoreRelatedThe Rise Of The Renaissance1448 Words   |  6 Pagescalled the Renaissance. Of these figures, names like Michelangelo, Leonardo Da Vinci, and various others seem to pop up quite often. These individuals are said to have influenced this time period through their art, philosophies, and even religious views. These influences are still felt in society today. The Renaissance movement brought upon a new sense of humanism, thus gradually breaking individuals further away from the Church’s previous dominant ideas. Previous to the Renaissance, the ChurchRead MoreThe Rise Of The Renaissance2336 Words   |  10 PagesThe Renaissance was a time period where people became interested in classical Greece and Rome. This era took place from approximately 1300 to sometime in the 1600s, and began in Florence, Italy. The Renaissance began in this country as a cultural movement, or a change in the way a number of different disciplines approach their work. â€Å"After 1300 a much greater variety and quantity of goods was produced and consumed across the globe. Textiles, furnishings and items of apparel formed a key part of thisRead MoreThe Rise Of The Renaissance Era1166 Words   |  5 PagesClosely following the Middle Ages, the Renaissance era was a time from the fourteenth to the seventeenth century in Europe that brought a revival or â€Å"rebirth.† This rebirth came from an interest in ancient Greek and Roman education and prin ciples. Europe was becoming more politically stable, new technological advances, like the printing press, were being created, new discoveries were being made, and the exploration of new lands/continents was urged. Philosophy, literature and especially art wereRead MoreThe Rise Of The Italian Renaissance1287 Words   |  6 PagesThe Italian Renaissance, in contrast to the conservative attitude of the Middle Ages, introduced a society dominated by a secular, humanistic spirit. One of the most historically significant events of the Renaissance was the Reformation. Some people argue that the Reformation was a rejection the secular spirit of the Italian Renaissance. Others assert that the Reformation was an embracement of these secular ideas. However as with many questions, this issue cannot be given a definite answer. The eventsRead MoreThe Rise Of The Harlem Renaissance1970 Words   |  8 Pagesduring this time was the Harlem Renaissance. Even with its many leaders and innovators, i t wouldn’t have been nearly as effective had it not been for Alain LeRoy Locke: black writer, philosopher, and teacher who influenced black artists to look to African sources for pride and inspiration. Without Locke’s contribution, the Renaissance would not have flourished as much as it did, and black pride would have taken longer to develop and accept. The Harlem Renaissance During the time of WW2, the blacksRead MoreThe Rebirth Of Art : Patrons And Artists936 Words   |  4 Pages The Rebirth of Art: Patrons and Artists The Renaissance, or â€Å"re-birth,† was a flourishing period of art that produced and developed different styles of art and other innovations. The art market grew tremendously due to the rise of materialism and a market for expensive goods. Art was not only viewed as an object for worship, but also as a highly valuable commodity. Artists were no longer just seen as artisans, but as talented artists, and the patrons were seen as wealthy, powerful people. The artRead MoreThe Renaissance: The Impact of Traditional Medicine Essay1748 Words   |  7 Pagestoday have been fueled by those made during the Renaissance. As the mindset of those living in Europe during that time changed from religion to self-discovery, medical research began to expand and grow to a more scientific approach. Though several were unable to read, they became more aware of themselves and humanity compared to their earlier religious views on life, causing them to take a closer look at the human anatomy. Duri ng the English Renaissance, physicians began to advance the scientific studyRead MoreImpact Of Langston Hughess Contribution To Harlem Renaissance1697 Words   |  7 PagesLangston Hughes contribution to Harlem Renaissance Harlem was founded back in the 17th century as a Dutch outpost. Harlem adjoins New York City and host a large population of the African American Community. The blacks found New York City to be more accommodative to their culture and ideologies, during the great migration of the early 1900s, Harlem became the major destination and it became home to many African Americans. [1] Harlem received over time, Harlem developed from a farming village to becomeRead MoreThe Renaissance in Europe1418 Words   |  6 Pagesâ€Å"Renaissance†, which is French for â€Å"rebirth†, perfectly describes the rebirth of art and learning that occurred in Europe between the 1400s and 1600s. During the era known as the Renaissance, Europe underwent a cultural movement in which people regained interest in the ancient cultures of Greece and Rome. A renewed interest in philosophy and human individuality lead to the development of more worldly and nonreligious focuses. Europe sought knowledge from the ancient world and moved out of the DarkRead MoreThe Renaissance: The Rebirth of Europe1245 Words   |  5 Pages â€Å"The Renaissance represented a rebirth of the Aristotelian spirit. The results of that spirit are written across the next two centuries, which men describe, properly, as the Age of Reason and the Age of Enlightenment. The results include the rise of modern science; the rise of an individualist political philosophy (the work of John Locke and others); the consequent spread of freedom across the civilized world; and the birth of the freest country in history, the United States of America. The

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Counselling for Development and Existential -

Question: Discuss about theCounsellingfor Human Development and Existential. Answer: Introduction The concept of counseling has been there for long. Counselors have always sought to understand clients and counsel them. The need of counseling has been rising over the years and is important for the wellbeing of an individual. Since individuals have different needs and are in different states, there exist many types of counseling each its model with theories. The types of counseling all are in the broad category of the directive and non-directive counseling. Existential Counselling Existential counseling stems from the theory that humans always change depending on the environment and the circumstances surrounding them. The counselor centers on the life of the client and tries to help the client explore the value and meaning of their lives (P. E. Van Deurzen, 2002). The client is led to live in life according to their abilities and to be true to themselves by creating their identity (Adams, 2014). The counselor guides the client to explore and understand their ideals and values and does not give their judgment (E. van Deurzen, 2012). The aim of this method is to enable the client to live life on their terms (Jacobsen, 2007). The counselor must be aware that all the focus is on the client and should help them explore their strengths and opportunities without no judgment. This method has always been criticized for intellectualizing the life and abilities of the client. Without the judgment of the counselor, this method is often deemed narrow. However, this method is very effective for clients whose problems arises from lives challenges and with those clients who love to examine their lives. This method is often thought to be philosophical, and it works well with clients with the same thoughts about life and existence (Miars, 2002). Those clients who are less motivated to explore their lives will not get any help by use of this method. It helps the client understand the meaning of life and how they can take control of their lives without focusing on what they are doing wrong. Cognitive Counselling This is based on the theory that ones emotions and external events will influence the thoughts of the individual. How we evaluate a stimulus determines our response toward the stimulus (Appleby, Warner, Whitton, Faragher, 1997). This counseling is based on the idea that the client is stressed because of misleading thoughts about something (Rautalinko, 2013). It is also known as cognitive behavioral counseling since the aim of the counselor is to understand how thoughts and behaviors of the client interrelate causing the client to be depressed (Gable, 2008). A counselor will aim to help the client know the thoughts that are causing them psychological pain. This makes the counselor look at the clients life from his (clients) point of view and then advise them hence making them more self-aware and able to cope. Telling a client how they react about something may not make them feel better since the worry remains on their heads (McLeod, 2013). This approach is also disadvantageous in that the counselor takes a directive role so as to know what is wrong with the client. The client may feel that counselor does not fully understand them. This method works well with clients who do not mind introspection and will not mind the counselor exploring their behaviors (Jacobs, 2004). It is also useful for clients who are suffering from panic-induced stress, and depression since the clients will learn what triggers them and be able to monitor what they are upset about. The counselor often gives the client tasks to do which often induce stress so that they can try to fight the thoughts. Rational-Emotive Behavior Counselling It is founded on the theory that humans strive to live and be happy. It also realizes that humans can adopt behavior which is unreasonable and may stand in their way of achieving what they aim for (Ellis Dryden, 1997). It also holds that humans can change their thoughts and attitudes hence change their psychological state. A counselor aims to identify an event in the clients life, the attitude of the client toward the event, and emotional response toward that event (Ellis, 1999). The counselor helps the client replace the bad beliefs with better ones by accepting that all humans have weaknesses and they face troubles when trying to achieve their goals (Dryden David, 2008). A client should admit of a problem and how they feel about the problem. The counselor helps the client challenge their beliefs and overcome them by use of several techniques such as imagery and emotive techniques. This helps the clients replace their negative attitudes with positive ones. This approach can be annoying for the client since those beliefs, however irrational, are often held deep by them (Turner Barker, 2014). This method should only be applied to a specific group of clients otherwise it will be counterproductive. It does not also work with clients who are used to philosophical engagement with people. This approach, if used with other approaches, can successfully remove the irrational thoughts held by the client (Ellis Ellis, 2011). The counselor should work with the client and challenge them on their beliefs. This method removes the mental hindrances that the client has and helps them to achieve their set goals, both long-term and short-term. Client-Centered Counselling It is based on the idea that clients can control the directions of their lives. However, it agrees that when faced with adversity, a person may not live their lives as they would have wanted (Erekson Lambert, 2015). Predominantly, when individuals experience negativity, they will grow up in a different manner since the individual can integrate the thoughts hence changing their views. Psychological distress often occurs when the clients beliefs clash with that negativity(Casemore, 2011). The counselor should provide positivity to the client, be compassionate and shower the client with positive feelings, and be honest with the client. The client should be able to express themselves without criticism and judgment (Rogers, 1946). This enables a client to develop as their being by developing an identity. This method accepts that clients as the master of their fates and the counselor focus on their thoughts and feelings and not his own (counselors) (Mearns Thorne, 2007). In this approach, the counselor does not challenge the client on their beliefs and abilities. This means that the client does not receive expertise feedback on why they feel that way. The counselor does not engage professionally with the client. This method is useful to the clients who do not necessarily need expertise advice (Rogers, 1961). The client can be able to get meaningful change if they evaluate themselves honestly and take control of their lives. The client can explore their self and be able to solve their problems on their own. By giving the client a chance to assess themselves, the clients develop a sense of personal identity. References Adams, M. (2014). Human development and existential counseling psychology. Appleby, L., R Whitton,., B Warner., . A Faragher (1997). A controlled study of cognitive behavioral counseling in the treatment of postnatal depression. BMJ, 208(6767), 798-838. Casemore, R. (2011). Person-Centred Counselling: Overview. Deurzen, P. E. Van. (2002). Existential Counselling and Psychotherapy. Psychotherapy, 4, 105. Dryden, W., David, D. 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Reflective listening and open-ended questions in counseling. Rogers, C. R. (1961). On becoming a person: A therapists view of psychotherapy. The Sports Psychologist, 14(5), 80-92. Turner, M. J., Barker, J. B. (2014). Using Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy with Athletes. Van Deurzen, E. (2012). Existential Counselling and therapy.